Yue-Biao Zhang, Hiroyasu Furukawa, Nakeun Ko, Weixuan Nie, Hye Jeong Park, Satoshi Okajima, Kyle E Cordova,
Hexiang Deng,* Jaheon Kim,* and Omar M Yaghi,*
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 2641‒2650.
Metal–organic framework-177 (MOF-177) is one of the most porous materials whose structure is composed of octahedral Zn4O(−COO)6 and triangular 1,3,5-benzenetribenzoate (BTB) units to make a three-dimensional extended network based on the qom topology. This topology violates a long-standing thesis where highly symmetric building units are expected to yield highly symmetric networks. In the case of octahedron and triangle combinations, MOFs based on pyrite (pyr) and rutile (rtl) nets were expected instead of qom. In this study, we have made 24 MOF-177 structures with different functional groups on the triangular BTB linker, having one or more functionalities. We find that the position of the functional groups on the BTB unit allows the selection for a specific net (qom, pyr, and rtl), and that mixing of functionalities (-H, -NH2, and -C4H4) is an important strategy for the incorporation of a specific functionality (-NO2) into MOF-177 where otherwise incorporation of such functionality would be difficult. Such mixing of functionalities to make multivariate MOF-177 structures leads to enhancement of hydrogen uptake by 25%.